U.S.: dismiss lawsuit over Americans killed by drones
Posted 16 December 2012 - 12:02 AM
The administration also threatened to invoke the State Secrets Privilege if the suit is not dismissed on other grounds. The privilege, which 2008 presidential candidate Barack Obama regularly blasted the Bush administration for invoking, allows the government to seek dismissal of a suit if it could expose national security secrets.
In the motion to dismiss, Justice Department lawyers argue that the necessity for the strikes and the viability of any alternatives is a question beyond the proper purview of the courts.
"Plaintiffs thus invite this Court to determine whether an individual in Yemen whom the Executive Branch had already declared a leader of an organized armed enemy group, and a foreign operative of that group, posed a sufficient threat to the United States and its citizens to warrant the alleged use of missile strikes abroad within the context of an armed conflict and the Executive’s national self-defense mission," the motion says. "Moreover, they ask this Court to pass judgment on the Executive’s purported battlefield and operational decisions in that conflict—namely, to determine whether lethal force was the most appropriate option available; if so, what sort of lethal force to employ; and whether appropriate measures were taken to minimize collateral damage. Each of these issues is a 'quintessential source' of political questions."
Posted 17 December 2012 - 04:00 AM
by Amanda Vlahakis on 7-Nov-07 1:36pm
I warn you, this is long winded and quite boring reading - only read this if you need to learn about print colours for your business stationery and marketing materials;
How to choose them to get the best and most predicable result at a price that suits your budget.
Pantone or CMYK Printing
The subject of print colours, for most non designers, is a tad cloaked in mystery. At least they begin to conclude that it is when I start explaining that the colours you see on your pc screen are not the same as print colours.
The web colour spectrum is RGB and print colours are typically CMYK and Pantone. Are you with me still?
I've tried quite hard to bring clarity to this for the benefit of my clients at www.trulyace.com/technicalinformation.html. I feel it's my duty to educate clients on printing processes, where some other designers disagree and say clients shouldn't have to think about things like this.
It's my opinion that the client is the decision maker (or should be) and how can they make good decisions for their brand if they aren't sufficiently informed to do so.
Marketing materials have a huge impact on the success of a business and I want to ensure there are no shocks when customers receive their printed items from our recommended printing company or any other printing company they may use for that matter.
Below is an extract from our technical page explaining the difference between CMYK and Pantone colours for printing purposes:
CMYK Colour Printing
(Also called 'process colours' - and used with digital printing)
Colour is produced on your choice of printed material (paper, vinyl, cardboard, fabric and so on……..) by mixing four separate ink colours:
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black (CMYK).
Using this method can mean that when printing many copies of the same artwork, as is common with business cards and other forms of stationary, some areas of colour may not appear completely consistent, consistency is affected by ink density, temperature, paper quality, and when using CMYK the colour can differ between printing companies. Generally though in my experience the differences are very small.
If it's a cmyk colour print you have commissioned with your printing firm (very popular now as this is the method digital printing uses, and digital printing is very competitively priced and allows short runs) you can view the colours in a PDF document of your final print layout design (the design that we provide you with)- you must print the design out in 'best' quality from your office printing machine to view the colours.
If you do this you will find that the print run should be pretty close to these as your office printer will print out using the CMYK printing method……however we can't guarantee they will be exactly the same as paper type and the laminating process (commonly used with business cards) or gloss paper can change the shade slightly on printed colours, as well as the heat at the time of print and so on.
Pantone Colour Printing
(Also described as 'spot colour printing')
If you wish to ensure that your logo design or graphic design colour will print exactly the same on every single printed copy you can specify what is called a 'spot colour', they are also guaranteed to look the same no matter which firm prints them.
There are a few spot colour systems available, but the industry standard is the Pantone Matching System, each Pantone colour has a code - for example PANTONE DS 221 - 8U is a pale blue colour; colours can be selected from swatch books that display these colours and list the codes for each one (remember that when looking at a pantone colour on a computer monitor it can look different from when printed and different depending on which monitor you are looking at, and only by viewing a 'swatch book' can you see the actual colour as it will print).
Another factor to bear in mind is that ink will look different if it's printed on a matte paper as opposed to glossy paper - but often printers will have a 'glossy swatch book' and a 'matte swatch book' showing your chosen pantone colour on each type of paper, some printers will have further swatches available such as your colour in 'metallic'.
You cannot view Pantone colours by printing a design file from your own office printer as an office printer only prints in cmyk - therefore if you wanted Pantone printing the only way to select the colours is to go into a printing shop and look at their Pantone colour books. Obviously if you don't use a printer in your locality (selecting remote online printing firms is very popular) you can't look at a colour chart and select your colours from this.
So Which Is Best?
- Specific colours which are consistent no matter who prints them.
- Vibrancy of colour that you can't get with CMYK.
- Will need to select a local printing firm so that you can view their swatch books in the flesh; ie lower cost online print providers in other areas of the country will be closed to you because if you can't choose the Pantone shade in the flesh with them, you cannot select Pantone colours because you can't choose them via your pc screen.
- You will not be able to have a low cost short run digital printing service; meaning you will have to have larger printing runs that you may actually want or need if you are small business.
- Offline printing companies can often be more expensive for the same job because obviously they are factoring in the cost of your 'face to face' consultation and looking at swatch books with them.
- Low cost printing in multiple (limitless) colours because you can opt for digital printing.
- To be able to order this online with a low cost digital print provider, these tend of offer lower cost printing services and of course digital printing allows short runs for small orders.
- Lack of colour vibrancy … some colours can be a tad dull compared to what Pantone can offer.
- Cannot guarantee exact consistency of colours.
Hopefully this will help you make a decision about your printing!
Posted 02 January 2013 - 09:11 PM
The Obama administration, having killed a 16-year-old American boy, refuses to explain why in court.
The boy, Abdulrahman Al-Aulaqi, was born in Denver and lived there until he was 7, when his family moved to Yemen. Like many American kids, he had a Facebook page and a love of the “Simpsons.” No one ever accused him of any wrongdoing. Yet on Oct. 14, 2011, a U.S. drone missile killed him and his teenage cousin while they were eating dinner at an open-air restaurant.
On Dec. 14, 2012, the Justice Department asked a federal court to dismiss a lawsuit in which Abdulrahman’s grandfather, Nasser Al-Aulaqi, is asking for an official explanation about why the boy died.
Until now, only unofficial explanations have been offered.
One anonymous government official told the media Abdulrahman’s death was a mistake. Indefensibly, former White House press secretary and Obama campaign adviser Robert Gibbs said this October, “You should have a far more responsible father” if you don’t want to be killed. (Abdulrahman’s father, Anwar al-Aulaqi, was suspected by the United States of terrorism and was killed by a drone two weeks before his son.) But surely no one would suggest that children are fair game simply because their parents are suspected of wrongdoing.
And if the government made a mistake, it should explain why.
In court, government officials provided no explanation at all. Their response boiled down to an assertion that the government has the authority to kill Americans without having to account to any court for its actions.
But the U.S. Constitution requires due process when life is at stake. The government cannot be permitted to deprive an American child of his life without any judicial review, even after the fact. More broadly, thousands of people have been killed by U.S. drones in a program that began in 2002 and has expanded dramatically under the Obama administration. Part of the problem with the targeted killing program is the government’s vague and shifting legal standards.
The program has gone from targeting specific individuals on so-called kill lists to targeting groups of unidentified individuals who fit a secret profile. According to administration officials, the government even classifies any male who appears to be of military age as a “militant” when it tallies a strike’s casualties.
In the face of the government’s official silence about the death of his grandson, Nasser al-Aulaqi went to court to seek answers. At issue in the lawsuit, which was filed by the American Civil Liberties Union and the Center for Constitutional Rights, is the government’s obligation to account for its actions in killing Abdulrahman, his father and another U.S. citizen, Samir Khan.
If this case is dismissed, as the government asks, a grieving grandfather will be left without any explanation or accountability for the death of his 16-year-old grandson. And Americans will be left with a government that insists it has the unilateral and unreviewable power to kill people, including Americans, that it deems to present a threat to the nation’s security — even when, like Abdulrahman, they present no such threat.
That would be a terrifying precedent to set.
Hina Shamsi is the director of the American Civil Liberties Union National Security Project, and Vincent Warren is the executive director of the Center for Constitutional Rights. The two groups have worked together on this lawsuit. Shamsi and Warren wrote this for Progressive Media Project, a source of liberal commentary on domestic and international issues; it is affiliated with The Progressive magazine.
Posted 08 January 2013 - 10:27 PM
Just think, if only that 16 year old American child had been a suspect in the attack on, and killing of, 4 Americans he might still be alive today.
Ex-Bush aide: Only military action will get justice for Benghazi
The release in Tunisia of a man suspected in the attack on the U.S. Embassy in Benghazi shows that the United States must respond to the assault militarily against the al-Qaeda-linked militias responsible, a former Bush administration official said Tuesday.
"This is an act of war and they're treating it like a crime," said Marc Thiessen, a top aide to former president George W. Bush. "We should be collecting intel and giving it to our drone targeters."